A: Bent Creek Institute, Inc. (BCI) is an independent 501(c)3 organization that is legally separate from each partnering USBSL lab, yet which manages all USBSL client relations and COA issuance functions. BCI operates a secure and confidential on-line client sample submission, management, and tracking database. BCI will physically receive in samples at a separate location from the USBSL testing labs. After receiving and qualifying each sample, BCI will physically blind, prep, and barcode the sample into standard non-descript sample transport containers, then deliver the blinded samples to each lab, as needed. The testing labs will never know who the original client was and therefore will have no incentive to alter or fabricate any test results. Further, no academic or independent non-profit laboratory director or technician at USBSL partnering labs has any personal incentive to risk destroying their professional reputation by engaging in fraudulent testing activities. Finally, BCI carries out no analytical testing itself and cannot alter or fabricate the results provided by the USBSL partnering labs on the client’s final COA, which is generated by the USBSL sample management database. Final review and signature by authorized BCI staff verifies that the original data provided by USBSL partnering labs matches the data generated on the client’s final COA.